need assistance with this history assignment before 1/5 when class starts again03.03 Who has the Power?
The Articles of Confederation
The Articles of Confederation was
; it went into effect in 1781. The citizens of the new nation
remembered too well the lack of freedom under British rule. Therefore, the Articles of Confederation gave
the national government limited powers. The rest of the powers of government were left up to the states.
Who has the Power?—The Articles of Confederation—Text Version
The Articles of Confederation explained who would run the new national government. Each state
sent representatives to serve in a national legislature, or lawmaking branch, called Congress. Each
state had one vote in Congress, regardless of its size. This gave small states the same say in
government as large states.
One of Congress’s roles was to protect the country. The Articles of Confederation stated that
Congress could raise and lead the army and navy, but the states had to provide the soldiers and
some of the officers.
The Articles of Confederation did not give Congress the power to collect taxes. Congress had to ask
the state governments for money, but Congress had no power to make the states obey its requests.
All in all, the Articles of Confederation gave Congress very limited powers. Congress could declare
war, make treaties, make rules for settling western lands, set up a mail delivery system, and print
and borrow money. All other powers were left to the states.
Strengths of the Articles of Confederation
The Articles of Confederation provided a framework for the government of the new nation. This new
nation was growing to the west. Laws were passed to govern settlement in the Northwest Territory
and prevent boundary disputes.
Who has the Power?—Strengths of The Articles of Confederation—Text Version
Who was more powerful under the Articles of Confederation? The individual states or the Congress?
Review each of the powers listed below. Then decide which side it belongs on, the States or
Congress. If the power is shared by both the States and Congress, classify it as both.
—Only the states could raise taxes. Since the national government could
not raise taxes, it had difficulty raising money to pay debts and expenses.
Make foreign treaties:
—Only Congress had the power to make foreign treaties.
—Congress could declare war if needed.
Print and borrow money:
—Both Congress and the states could print and borrow money.
Since Congress borrowed so much money, it ran a huge debt.
Set up mail delivery system:
—Congress had the power and responsibility to
establish a mail delivery system.
Make rules for setting up western lands:
—The new government had gained western
territory. Congress effectively organized the territory and created a system for territories to
Raise and lead army and navy: